A voice can be recorded for the first time in the world

A voice could be recorded for the first time in the world

April 9 is the 99th (100th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left before the end of the year is 266.

Railways

  • APRIL 9, 1921 The Grand National Assembly of Turkey (6) establishes the 1888 railway line with the Anatolia-Baghdad Railway. Line carriage charges were levied according to tariffs prepared in 1892, 1902 and 1902 depending on the location of the line. The government wanted to restrict civilian railway transport to the military and provide revenue.
  • April 9, 1923 US Admiral Colby M. Chester’s “Chester Project” is accepted by the Turkish Grand National Assembly. The Ottoman-American Development Company was to lead the project. The agreement was signed on April 29.

Olaylar

  • 1770 – Victory of the Morea.
  • 1860 – For the first time in the world, sound can be recorded.
  • 1932 – The first female judge, Mürüvvet Hanım, starts working in Adana.
  • 1936 – Istanbul Telephone Company is taken over by the state.
  • [1945–StartofnationalbulbproductioninTurkey[1945–DébutdelaproductionnationaledebulbesenTurquie
  • 1952 – Orhan Hançerlioğlu is appointed to the Directorate of City Theaters. Hançerlioğlu was previously the director of the Istanbul Police Department’s Third Branch.
  • 1957 – The Suez Canal is cleared of shipwrecks and reopened to maritime traffic.
  • 1953 – The first XNUMXD movie mummies museum (wax house), published by Warner Brothers.
  • 1958 – Publication organ of the CHP Nation The newspaper was closed for the third time. The closure was caused by an article by Ankara MP Bülent Ecevit.
  • 1967 – The Boeing 10575 makes its first flight, of which 9 have been produced to date (as of April 2020, 737).
  • 1969 – The first Concorde aircraft made in England makes its maiden flight.
  • 1979 – A cartilage graft was performed in a patient’s ear for the first time in Turkey.
  • 1982 – The Anıtkabir Directorate was attached to the Anıtkabir Command under the General Staff.
  • 1985 – Closed Nationalist Movement Party leader Alparslan Türkeş was released after being imprisoned for 4.5 years.
  • 1991 – With the popular vote in Georgia, independence from the Soviet Union is decided.
  • 1991 – The bus carrying Greek tourists coming to Istanbul for Easter is set on fire by a mental patient in front of the Vezneciler Hamidiye hotel. In the event; 5 people, including 33 children, were burned alive.
  • 2003 – A few weeks after the start of the invasion of Iraq by US-led coalition forces, Baghdad falls.
  • 2011 – Attack on the Alphen aan den Rijn shopping center: In Alphen aan den Rijn, 33 km southwest of Amsterdam, six people are killed by a murderer who entered the Ridderhof shopping center.

births

  • 1096 – Muktafi is the thirty-first of the Abbasid Caliphs (died 1160)
  • 1285 – Buyantu Khan, 8th Mongol Khan, 4th Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty and Emperor of China (died 1320)
  • 1802 – Elias Lönnrot, Finnish physicist, philologist and poet (died 1884)
  • 1815 – Louis de Mas Latrie, French historian and diplomat (d. 1897)
  • 1821 – Charles Baudelaire, French poet (d. 1867)
  • 1830 – Eadweard Muybridge, British-American photographer (died 1904)
  • 1835-II. Leopold, King of Belgium (died 1909)
  • 1865 – Erich Ludendorff, German general (died 1937)
  • 1892 – Mary Pickford, Canadian-American actress (died 1979)
  • 1895 – Michel Simon, French actor (died 1975)
  • 1898 – Paul Robeson, American singer (died 1976)
  • 1908 – Vecihe Daryal, virtuoso of Turkish law (died 1970)
  • 1926 Hugh Hefner, American businessman (died 2017)
  • 1933 – Jean Paul Belmondo, French actor (died 2021)
  • 1933 – René Burri, Swiss photographer (died 2014)
  • 1934 – Les Thornton, English professional wrestler (died 2019)
  • 1936 – Ferdinando Imposimato, Italian lawyer, activist, judge and politician (died 2018)
  • 1936 – Ljubomir Ćipranić, Serbian actor (died 2010)
  • 1944 – Leila Khaled, member of the Palestinian People’s Liberation Organization
  • 1948 – Patty Pravo, Italian singer
  • 1949 – Tony Cragg, British sculptor
  • 1952 – Tania Canaklidu, Greek singer
  • 1954 – Dennis Quaid, American actor
  • 1955 – Joolz Denby, English poet and writer
  • 1956 – Cahide Birgül, Turkish writer (died 2009)
  • 1957 – Seve Ballesteros, Spanish golfer (died 2011)
  • 1963 – Marc Jacobs, American fashion designer
  • 1963 – Erdal Tosun, Turkish actor (died 2016)
  • 1965 – Mark Pellegrino, American film and television actor
  • 1966 Cynthia Nixon, American actress
  • 1967 – Sam Harris, American philosopher, neuroscientist, author and podcast host
  • 1969 – Linda Kisabaka, German athlete
  • 1971 – Jacques Villeneuve is a former Canadian Formula 1 driver.
  • 1972 – Barış Falay, Turkish actor
  • 1974 – Jenna Jameson, American actress
  • 1975 – David Gordon Green is an American filmmaker.
  • 1976 – Barış Şimşek, Turkish football referee
  • 1977 – Gerard Way, American musician and lead singer of My Chemical Romance
  • 1978 – Jorge Andrade, former Portuguese footballer
  • 1978 – Cameron Cartio, Iranian-Swedish singer
  • 1978 – Naman Keïta, French athlete
  • 1978 – Rachel Stevens, English singer, songwriter, actress, dancer and model
  • 1979 – Katsuni, French porn actress
  • 1980 – Luciano Galletti, Argentinian footballer
  • 1980 – Albert Hammond Jr. is an American guitarist, singer, songwriter and record producer.
  • 1981 – Ireneusz Jeleń, former Polish national football player
  • 1982 – Jay Baruchel, Canadian actor
  • 1982 – Mohammed Dahmane, Algerian footballer
  • 1982 – Carlos Hernández, Costa Rican international footballer
  • 1985 – Antonio Nocerino, Italian footballer
  • 1986 – Leighton Meester, American actress
  • 1987 – Kassim Abdallah is a French national footballer from Comoros.
  • 1987 – Jesse McCartney, American singer and actor
  • 1990 – Kristen Stewart, American actress
  • 1998 – Elle Fanning, American actress
  • 1998 – Enes Batur Sungurtekin, Turkish YouTuber
  • 1999 Isaac Hempstead Wright, English actor
  • 1999 – Lil Nas X, American singer

Armed

  • 585 BC – Jimmu, in Japanese mythology, was the first founder and first emperor of Japan (b. 660 BC)
  • 491 – Zeno, Eastern Roman Emperor (b. 425)
  • 715 – Constantine, pontificate from March 25, 708 until his death April 9, 715 (b. 708)
  • 1024-VIII. Benedict was pope from May 18, 1012 to April 9, 1024.
  • 1483-IV. Edward, King of England (b. 1461), first in 1470-1471 and a second time in 1483-1442
  • 1492 – Lorenzo de’ Medici, Italian statesman and ruler of the city-state of Florence (b. 1449)
  • 1550 – Elkas Mirza, Safavid shah and governor of Shirvan province (b. 1516)
  • 1553 – François Rabelais, French writer (born in 1494)
  • 1557 – Mikael Agricola, 16th-century Finnish Lutheran cleric (b. 1510)
  • 1626 – Francis Bacon, English statesman and philosopher (b. 1561)
  • 1754 – Christian Wolff, German philosopher (b. 1679)
  • 1768 – Sarah Fielding, English writer and novelist, sister of Henry Fielding (b. 1710)
  • 1806 – William V, Prince of Orange (b. 1748)
  • 1882 – Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English poet, painter, illustrator and translator (b. 1828)
  • 1889 – Michel-Eugène Chevreul, French chemist (born in 1786)
  • 1904-II. Isabella, Queen of Spain (b. 1830)
  • 1916 – Mehmet Muzaffer, Turkish officer
  • 1936 – Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist (b. 1855)
  • 1940 – Miss Patrick Campbell, English stage actress (b. 1865)
  • [1945-DietrichBonhoefferGermantheology(knownforhisoppositiontoUnazism)(bornin1906)[1945-DietrichBonhoefferthéologienallemand(connupoursonoppositionaunazisme)(néen1906)
  • [1945-GeorgElserGermancarpenter(whounsuccessfullyattemptedtoassassinateHitler)(born1903)[1945-GeorgElsercharpentierallemand(quiatentéenvaind’assassinerHitler)(néen1903)
  • [1945-HansOsterGeneraloftheWehrmachtinNaziGermany(born1887)[1945-HansOstergénéraldelaWehrmachtdansl’Allemagnenazie(néen1887)
  • [1945-WilhelmCanarisGermanAdmiralandPresidentoftheAbwehrenNaziGermany(born1887)[1945-WilhelmCanarisamiralallemandetprésidentdel’AbwehrenAllemagnenazie(néen1887)
  • 1950 – Cemil Cem, Turkish cartoonist (born in 1882)
  • 1951 – Fesa Evrensev, first Turkish fighter pilot (b. 1878)
  • 1959 – Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect (b. 1867)
  • 1961 – Ahmet Zogoğlu, King of Albania (b. 1895)
  • 1963 – Xul Solar, Argentine painter and sculptor (born in 1887)
  • 1964 – Nuriye Ulviye Mevlan Civelek, Turkish journalist and one of Turkey’s first women’s rights advocates (b. 1893)
  • 1976 – Phil Ochs, American protest musician (born 1940)
  • 1980 – Mohammed Baqir al-Sadr, Iraqi clergyman, Shia impersonator and politician (b. 1935)
  • 1982 – Turan Güneş, Turkish politician (born in 1922)
  • 1985 – Şaziye Moral, Turkish theater actress (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Şevket Rado, Turkish poet, journalist and writer (born in 1913)
  • 1993 – Kemal Ilıcak, Turkish journalist and owner of Tercüman newspaper (b. 1932)
  • 2000 – Tony Cliff, Ottoman-born British Marxist political theorist (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Vilgot Sjöman was a Swedish screenwriter and filmmaker (born in 1924)
  • 2011 – Sidney Lumet, American director (born in 1924)
  • 2012 – Meral Okay, Turkish screenwriter, actress and composer (born 1959)
  • 2012 – José Guardiola, Spanish singer (born in 1930)
  • 2013 – Emilio Pericoli, Italian singer-songwriter (born in 1928)
  • 2015 – Nina Companéez, French screenwriter and director (born in 1937)
  • 2016 – Arthur Anderson, American radio, film, television, theater and voice actor (born 1922)
  • 2017 – Knut Borge, Norwegian journalist and TV presenter (born 1949)
  • 2017 – Carme Chacón, Spanish politician and Spain’s first female Minister of Defense (born 1971)
  • 2017 – Margarita Isabel, Ariel Award-winning Mexican film and television actress (born 1941)
  • 2018 – Felix Chen, Taiwanese conductor (born in 1942)
  • 2018 – Peter Grünberg, German physicist and Nobel laureate in physics (born 1939)
  • 2019 – Elwyn Ralph Berlekamp, ​​American mathematician and computer engineer (born 1940)
  • 2019 – Charles Lincoln Van Doren, American author, editor and publisher (born 1926)
  • 2019 – Nikolai Stepanovich Gorbachev, Russian canoe racer (born 1948)
  • 2019 – Aykut Işıklar, Turkish journalist, radio host and columnist (born in 1949)
  • 2019 – Marilynn Smith, former American professional golfer (born 1929)
  • 2020 – Tullio Abbate, Italian entrepreneur and motorboat pilot (born in 1944)
  • 2020 – Reggie Bagala, American politician serving in the Louisiana House of Representatives (born 1965)
  • 2020 – Jocelyn Barrow, British politician, businesswoman, human rights activist and educator (b. 1929)
  • 2020 – Leila Benitez-McCollum, Filipino-American radio and television host, journalist and broadcaster (born 1930)
  • 2020 – Marc Engels, Belgian cinema sound engineer (born in 1965)
  • 2020 – Harvey Goldstein, British statistician (born 1939)
  • 2020 – Ho Kam-ming, Canadian martial artist born in Macau (born in 1925)
  • 2020 – Lee Nurse, English cricketer (born 1976)
  • 2020 – Vitor Sapienza, Brazilian politician and economist (born in 1933)
  • 2020 – Dmitri Smirnov, Russian-British composer and scholar (b. 1948)
  • 2021 – Raosaheb Antapurkar, Indian politician (born in 1958)
  • 2021 – Ramsey Clark, American lawyer, former civil servant and activist (b. 1927)
  • 2021 – Ekkehard Fasser, Swiss bobsleigh player (born in 1952)
  • 2021 – Nikki Grahame, British model and TV presenter (born 1982)
  • 2021 – Prince Philip, Queen of the United Kingdom II. Wife of Elizabeth and Duke of Edinburgh (b. 1921)
  • 2021 – Judith Reisman, American conservative writer (b. 1935)
  • 2021 – Abdul Hamid Sebba, Brazilian lawyer and politician (born 1934)
  • 2021 – Earl Simmons, American hip hop music artist (born 1970)

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